Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_page.php on line 499

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_page.php on line 501

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_page.php on line 504

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_tstemplate.php on line 628

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_tstemplate.php on line 628

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_pageSelect::getHash() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_tstemplate.php on line 341

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::pagegenInit() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/pagegen.php on line 48

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::getIncFiles() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/pagegen.php on line 60

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Strict Standards: Declaration of tx_ttnews_catmenu::wrapTitle() should be compatible with t3lib_treeView::wrapTitle($title, $row, $bank = 0) in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/class.tx_ttnews_catmenu.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Declaration of tx_ttnews_catmenu::getTree() should be compatible with t3lib_treeView::getTree($uid, $depth = 999, $depthData = '', $blankLineCode = '', $subCSSclass = '') in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3conf/ext/tt_news/class.tx_ttnews_catmenu.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::renderContent() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/pagegen.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 438

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 252

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::calc() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 837

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 252

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::calc() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 837

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 438

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 438

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 438

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_parsehtml::substituteMarkerArray() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 3071

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_parsehtml::getSubpart() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 2923

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_parsehtml::getSubpart() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 2923

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1920

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1922

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1920

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1922

Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_content.php on line 438

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 252

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::calc() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 837

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 252

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::enableFields() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 479

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::calc() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 837

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 252

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 654

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 655

Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::calc() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_menu.php on line 837

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 5111

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3conf/ext/templavoila/class.tx_templavoila_htmlmarkup.php on line 529

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1373

Warning: Illegal string offset 'headElementPaths' in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3conf/ext/templavoila/class.tx_templavoila_htmlmarkup.php on line 767

Warning: Illegal string offset 'addBodyTag' in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3conf/ext/templavoila/class.tx_templavoila_htmlmarkup.php on line 777

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::renderContentWithHeader() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_pagegen.php on line 343

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::inline2TempFile() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_pagegen.php on line 509

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1066

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_div.php on line 1074

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::JSeventFunctions() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_pagegen.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::inline2TempFile() should not be called statically in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_pagegen.php on line 813

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/t3lib/class.t3lib_page.php:499) in /home/bachbra/public_html/typo3_src/typo3/sysext/cms/tslib/class.tslib_fe.php on line 3221
Desafiando os mestres
sitemap

Breaking News:

21.03.09 21:21

Eisenach, 21. März 1685 nascia o Mestre da Música, Johann Sebastian Bach

 

Modestamente...


go to Archive ->

Desafiando os Mestres

A última fase da escolaridade formal de João Sebastião, no sentido moderno do termo, começa em março de 1700 com sua passagem a Escola de São Miguel, em Luneburg. Fundada no século XIV como apêndice de um mosteiro, a escola seria ampliada no século seguinte e ocuparia suas dependências após a Reforma. Mais tarde ganharia um anexo especial no século XVI: uma academia de nobres (Ritter Academie). João Sebastião estudava de graça na escola, com uma espécie de bolsa para musicistas. No seu caso, membro do coro de maior qualidade da Escola.

 

O currículo ampliava o conteúdo das tradicionais escolas latinas, compreendendo religião, lógica, retórica, latim, grego e aritmética. Além disso, a Ritter Academie, mesmo tendo corpo de alunos separado, podia aceitar membros da escola de São Miguel como pajens e ajudantes dos estudantes nobres. Com isso, também estes tinham acesso às aulas de equitação, esgrima e línguas modernas como francês e italiano.

 

Esse contato com a Ritter Academie, por sinal, é a única explicação para o aprendizado precoce de francês e italiano de João Sebastião. É bem provável também que tenha sido em Luneburg que ele estabeleceu as primeiras conexões com membros da aristocracia alemã, uma influência quase invisível, mas sempre influente em momentos importantes de sua carreira musical. Mesmo um órfão pobre como ele, estudando graças à caridade, teve contato desde jovem com o universo social dos que estavam vários degraus acima na escala social.

 

Em Luneburg, contudo, irá emergir não o acadêmico, mas o organista de rápida carreira e afirmação musical. As biografias do início do século XVIII talvez não dispusessem ainda da fórmula do ‘jovem prodígio’, mas é difícil classificar os fatos transcorridos entre sua entrada na escola, em 1700, aos 15 anos de idade e sua formatura em 1702, sendo então capaz de ser escolhido como organista da cidade de Sangerhausen e músico de corte em Weimar em 1703.

 

É nesse curto período de tempo que completa várias viagens a Hamburgo para ouvir Jan Adam Reinken, sendo a ele apresentado. É também rapidamente integrado ao círculo de organistas de Lüneburg, onde se destacava George Böhm e certamente participa das atividades musicais do castelo de Lüneburg, residência do Duque de Celle, patrocinador da cultura, da música e da dança francesa na Alemanha.

 

Coletâneas de obras organizadas nesse tempo por membros da família Bach mostram por fim como era vasto o patrimônio artístico acumulado e, mais importante, em circulação nos meios freqüentados por João Sebastião.

 

Todos esses fatos revelam o rápido amadurecimento artístico e humano do órfão que saiu de Ohrdruf. Formado em 1702, presta audição em Sangerhausen, sendo aprovado por unanimidade, perdendo o posto apenas por influência do soberano feudal da cidade.

 

Passa um tempo como músico de corte em Weimar, desde o início do ano de 1703 e logo em junho, ainda aos 18 anos de idade, é chamado, na qualidade de consultor, para testar o novo órgão de Arnstadt. Como lembra Wolff, a família Bach dispunha de vários nomes mais velhos e mais experientes para essa comissão prestigiosa de uma cidade que ficava em seu território tradicional. Ninguém questionou os méritos do jovem João Sebastião.

 

O recital-teste em Arnstadt tem lugar na festa de São João, dia 24 de junho de 1703 e João Sebastião merece um comentário favorável do consistório e recebe não apenas pela consultoria técnica, mas também um pagamento pela exibição musical.

 

Não custa reforçar, aos 18 anos, mal tendo completado seus cursos preparatórios para a Universidade, João Sebastião é convocado a dar pareceres técnicos sobre órgãos e estabelece ligações que se revelarão estáveis com mestres da estatura de Reinken e Böhm. Algo havia ali, sem dúvida.

 

Wolff não se estende muito sobre as obras que podem ser atribuídas a esse período, como os dois caprichos para teclado (BWV 992 e 993) e os prelúdios em dó maior (BWV 531), sol maior (BWV 535) e ré maior (BWV 549A). Registra, contudo, a perfeita adequação da Tocata de Fuga em ré menor (BWV 565) ao órgão de Arnstadt. Essa peça representaria, em vários sentidos, a emergência do jovem e brilhante organista, testando ainda seus poderes na polifonia, mas já capaz de produzir uma obra cuja fama se estenderá por séculos.

 

A Tocata e Fuga em ré menor, portanto, não é a trilha sonora de algum homem maduro amargurado com a vida ou de um cérebro turvado por visões fantásticas, mas de um rapaz de 18 anos, confiante, enviando sua mensagem aos Mestres que o cercavam: aqui estou eu!